Memorandum Bashkëpunimi me Bashkinë e Tiranës për të dhënat e hapura me fokus të dhënat e hapura gjeohapsinore

Nga Open Labs Hackerspace
Shko tek: lundrim, kërko

Më poshtë draft memorandumi i bashkëpunimit i propozuar Bashkisë së Tiranës rreth të dhënave të hapura dhe jo vetëm. Bashkia ka rënë parimisht dakort që ta firmosë. Në momentin që dokmenti i firmosur do jetë gati do publikohet këtu.


Memorandum of Understanding ver. 1

Between Open Labs Address: Rr. Pjetër Budi, Pallati Boga 67, Tirana, Albania. As the home of the contributors of the OpenStreetMap project

and

Municipality of Tirana ___________________- Tirana, Albania


hereby called the “partners”,

intend to start a cooperation amongst them.

This Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) sets the terms and understanding between the partners. This document is also followed by a second document that defines the open data definition and also details about the partnership between the organizations.


1. Background The use of open data from governmental institutions that are empowered by tax payers financial support is an important pillow of any democratic society. The meaning of “open” with respect to knowledge, promoting a robust commons in which anyone may participate, and interoperability is maximized should be a principle for these institutions by default. In this context every step in the publication and usage of data, such as the geographical and location based data in an open format from public institutions is a step forward torwards a society with more transparent processes and with a civil society that also can easily be involved by using and improving these data. The process of sharing, updating and using GIS data (and open data in general) often depends on the collaboration of (a) dedicated offices of the Municipality, (b) the local open data and open knowledge communities and (c) experts with detailed know-how of these systems. Government institutions such as the Municipality of Tirana generally do not have sufficient in-house expertise and resources and need to collaborate with individuals and communities from outside, specifically hackerspaces and free libre open source communities in and outside Albania. It is important to understand that these communities and organisations co-work and co-create in a decentralised way on and offline and by nature have a horizontal decision making process. The Municipality of Tirana, having already some GIS data (and other kind of open data) and producing even more on a daily basis has identified the need to share these data in an open data format and an open license in order to benefit the public and the commons. Platforms where these data can be shared easily are OpenStreetMap and Wikidata to mention a few. OpenStreetMap is a collaborative project to create a free editable map of the world. The creation and growth of OSM has been motivated by restrictions on use or availability of map information across much of the world, and the advent of inexpensive portable satellite navigation devices. Al lthe data published at OpenStreetMap are in an open format and the general public can benefit from these data. Wikidata is a collaboratively edited knowledge base operated by the Wikimedia Foundation. It is intended to provide a common source of data which can be used by Wikimedia projects such as Wikipedia, and by anyone else, under a public domain licence. One example of combination of GIS information and Wikidata is the publication of the location of the monuments of culture of the municipality. Open Labs is the community and hackerspace located in Tirana, Albania that promotes free open source software, open data and internet freedom initiatives mainly for the Albanian speaking population. OpenStreetMap and Wikipedia are some of the communities that use Open Labs infrastructure online and offline (in Tirana) for the benefit of the community and the general public and the commons.

2. Purpose and Goals The purpose of the cooperation between the Municipality of Tirana and Open Labs is to establish mechanisms and systems for the collaboration of the Municipality with the Albanian free open source and open data community hosted at Open Labs (OpenStreetMap, Wikidata, Mapillary etc) in order to provide and share the Geographic information System (GIS) and other formats of data available from the Municipality at the moment this MoU is signed, but also in the future.

More specifically, the goals of the collaboration between the Municipality of Tirana and Open Labs will be:

Actual GIS data publication The municipality will share all the available GIS data in an an open data format to the Open Labs team. Following this Open Labs will check the integrity of the data and any changes that might have been implemented on the ground from the time the data are gathered up to the staring day of this agreement. After the data integrity check Open Labs community members will publish them online in platforms that respect the public domain and the commons.

Points of interest The municipality will share with Open Labs information about the location of points of interest related to the Municipality of Tirana such as museums, monuments of culture, municipality offices, public transpiration data etc. Open Labs community members will publish them online in platforms that respect the public domain and the commons.

Other data (Free Cultural Work) In addition the municipality with share with Open Labs (if available) data and multimedia materials such as the following according to the Anex 2:

photos of people and locations with a public profile/interest (directors, the Mayor, Tirana POI etc) that do not have copyright and are not published before; photos of the infrastructure of the Municipality (public infrastructure, important tourist sites etc) Municipality officials, activities organised by the Municipality etc) list of sister cities; list of the street names of the city; list of the mayors and vice mayors through the years; videos related do the city that are not published before in any medium;


3. Commitment, Roles and Responsibilities of the both Partners to this MoU

Municipality of Tirana

The Municipality is committed to share all the available data that can be used in an open data format in platforms such as OpenStreetMap and Wikidata in public domain, Creative Commons or any other open license as specified in Annexes of this MoU. The Municipality will dedicate one or more contact person responsible to gather and share the data to Open Labs. In addition, the Municipality will be responsible for not sharing any personal or sensitive data with the partner.

Open Labs Open Labs is committed to supporting the Municipality in implementing and concluding the transfer of the data to open data platforms such as OpenStreetMap.org and Wikidata.org. Before creating a routine for the data exchange process Open Labs will engage in a close dialogue with the Municipality during the design stage of the process as well as during implementation and the subsequent analysis. After this stage Open Labs will ask for specific data and multimedia files to be shared to the municipality in order to add these data in open data format in open source software and open data platforms such as OpenStreetMap and Wikidata or similar platforms that respect the open definition as described in Anex 1 & Anex 2 of this MoU.

4. Resources Both sides will commit sufficient staff capacities to prepare, analyze and share the data to the general public and interested parties. Open Labs will not commit any financial resources that may be required for the implementation of the work.

5. Governance Both partners agree on establishing contact persons tasked with the strategic steering and implementation of the joint project. When both parties agree the group should meet to discuss the progress of the data sharing process and propose changes to the gathering and sharing of the data generated from the Municipality.

6. Meetings, Communication, Information Sharing Both sides commit to sharing information that are relevant to the implementation of the process. Open Labs will commit to treating information from the Municipality as confidential except the data that is required to be shared in an open data format. Reports and publications on media will be prepared and published jointly.

7. Duration This MoU may be modified by mutual consent of authorized officials from the partners. This MOU shall become effective upon signature by the authorized officials from the partners to this MoU. It will remain in effect until modified or terminated by any one of the partners by mutual consent. In the absence of mutual agreement by the authorized officials from the partners to this MoU this MOU shall end by 01 March 2020.

8. Authorisation The signing of this MOU is not a formal undertaking. It implies that the signatories will strive to reach the objectives stated in the MOU, to the best of their abilities and abide to the approach and steps outlined in this MoU.

Contact Information

Partner name Partner representative Position Address Telephone Fax E-mail


Partner name Partner representative Position Address Telephone Fax E-mail


Date: (Partner signature) (Partner name, organization, position)

Date: (Partner signature) (Partner name, organization, position)


ANEX 1 Open Data Definition The Open Data Definition makes precise the meaning of “open” with respect to knowledge, promoting a robust commons in which anyone may participate, and interoperability is maximized. This includes any factual data which reflects statistics and multimedia based on the real world. Summary: Knowledge is open if anyone is free to access, use, modify, and share it — subject, at most, to measures that preserve provenance and openness. This essential meaning matches that of “open” with respect to software as in the Open Source Definition and is synonymous with “free” or “libre” as in the Free Software Definition and Definition of Free Cultural Works. The term work will be used to denote the item or piece of knowledge being transferred. The term public domain / CC0 denotes the absence of copyright and similar restrictions, whether by default or waiver of all such conditions. The key words “must”, “must not”, “should”, and “may” in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC2119.

1. Open Data Content defined as Open Data must satisfy the following requirements in its distribution:

1.1 Access The work must be provided as a whole and at no more than a reasonable one-time reproduction cost, and should be downloadable via the Internet without charge.

1.2 Machine Readability The work must be provided in a form readily processable by a computer and where the individual elements of the work can be easily accessed and modified.

1.3 Public Domain dedication / CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) The CC0 license waives all copyright and related or neighboring rights together with all associated claims and causes of action with respect to this work to the extent possible under the law. CC0 enables scientists, educators, artists and other creators and owners of copyright- or database-protected content to waive those interests in their works and thereby place them as completely as possible in the public domain, so that others may freely build upon, enhance and reuse the works for any purposes without restriction under copyright or database law. Detailed informations about CC0 can be found here: https://wiki.creativecommons.org/wiki/CC0


ANEX 2 Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC-BY-SA)

Creative Commons helps legally share knowledge and creativity to build a more equitable, accessible, and innovative world. Creative Commons unlocks the full potential of the internet to drive a new era of development, growth and productivity. Summary: Anyone is free to access, use, modify, and share it — subject, at most, to measures that preserve provenance and openness.

This essential meaning matches that of “open” with respect to software as in the Open Source Definition and is synonymous with “free” or “libre” as in the Free Software Definition and Definition of Free Cultural Works. The term work will be used to denote the item or piece of knowledge being transferred. The term license refers to the legal conditions under which the work is provided. The key words “must”, “must not”, “should”, and “may” in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC2119.


1. Free Culture Work Free Culture Work must satisfy the following requirements in its distribution: 1.1 Creative Commons License Status The work must be provided under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 license (as defined in Section 2). Any additional terms accompanying the work (such as a terms of use, or patents held by the licensor) must not contradict the work’s terms of the license. 1.2 Access The work must be provided as a whole and at no more than a reasonable one-time reproduction cost, and should be downloadable via the Internet without charge. Any additional information necessary for license compliance (such as names of contributors required for compliance with attribution requirements) must also accompany the work. 1.3 Machine Readability The work must be provided in a form readily processable by a computer and where the individual elements of the work can be easily accessed and modified. 1.4 Open File Format The work must be provided in an open file format. An open format is a file format for storing digital data, defined by a published specification usually maintained by a standards organization, and which can be used and implemented by anyone. For example, an open format can be implemented by both proprietary and free and open source software, using the typical software licenses used by each. 2. Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International License Content should be licensed under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 International license. 2.1 Required Permissions The license must irrevocably permit (or allow) the following: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

A detailed description of the license can be found under: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode